Natural gemstones are found in the natural world without the influence of human intervention. These gemstones are mined from the earth or found naturally occurring in the water. When compared to their synthetic counterparts, natural gemstones have the added charm of rarity. A natural pearl picked from the ocean will be many times more expensive than its synthetic counterpart. Similarly, a natural sapphire is of premium value compared to a lab created sapphire because of its rarity.
A simulated gemstone is one that is misrepresented to look like another gemstone. Simulants are also called imitations, faux, and fakes. Glass pieces and connected stones are sometimes used to imitate natural gems. Some jewelers may also misrepresent natural gemstones for example, a garnet cut to look like a ruby. While a garnet simulating a ruby may be a real garnet, it is still not a genuine ruby. The way to find the authenticity of a gemstone is by doing a full gemological inspection.
Synthetic or Created Gemstones
Synthetic gemstones are the ones that are not naturally found; these are “created” in laboratories. These are also called “artificial,” “lab-grown,” “lab-made,” “man-made,” etc. There are many processes for making synthetic gemstones and these synthetic gemstones can be inexpensive as well as very expensive. Some synthetic stones are chemically and visually identical to their natural counterparts. Synthetic emeralds are great examples as these lab created emeralds are real emeralds but not natural emeralds. Don’t assume that an old stone is a natural stone.
Reference Credit: Jeff R. Graham